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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 17, 2017 5:28pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, im katty kay. out here minister lays vision for the british exit from the european union. a clean break. president obama commutes the prison sentence of chelsea manning, the former military analyst that passed classified files to wiki links. how one chinese company is not stealing american jobs, but creating them in the u.s.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. britain got clarity today on what the exit from the european union will mean. it will be known as brexit max. theresa may set out 12 key objectives. be among them was the u.k. will leave the single market and seek a free trade deal with it. sterling rose on the news, but there is criticism of the plan. >> what is the plan? therter: it was billed as most important speech of her term in office. the clearest exposition yet of what britain wants from brexit. >> not partial membership to the european union, associates membership, or anything that is half in half out.
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not mean proposing can membership of the single market. woulder: she said britain push for the freest possible trade with european countries and other nations around the world. theresa mayt time confirm the british parliament would get to vote on the final deal at the end of negotiations. in the audience were some of the ambassadors to the u.k. mrs. may said she did not want to undermine the eu, but warned against those who wanted to see the u.k. punished for voting to leave. no deal for britain is better than a bad deal for britain. opposition labor party said mrs. may wanted to leave the market yet have access to it. they said that was like having your cake and eating it. they warned her negotiating position. >> or seemed to be a implied
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threat that somewhere along the line with all her optimism didn't work, we would move into a low tax corporate taxation, bargain-basement economy, on the off shores of europe. reporter: that implication of warning was picked up by the european parliament's chief negotiator on brexit. >> i do not think we will make a lot of progress if this has to happen under threats. saying, ok, if our european counterparts do not accept it, are we going to make from britain a sort of freezone, i don't think that is very helpful. it creates an illusion that you can go out of the single market, that you can go out of the customs union, that you can cherry pick. that you can have a number of advantages. i think this will not happen. minister the german
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said that at least the british position was more clear, a sentiment echoed in the irish parliament. >> i welcome this statement today as it brings clarity and a number of areas. this is the start of the process. europe is going to have to respond to the statement made by the prime minister today. reporter: that response is only beginning. the tough negotiations will take many years. bbc news. katty: for more on theresa may's comments, i spoke with a former u.s. state department official now at the center for strategic and international studies. it seems that theresa may has made the calculation it is worth sacrificing everything else to give britain control of its borders and immigration levels. heather: she has made it clear that sacrifice is worth it.
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that the belief that brexit can bring new opportunities when the control is taken. lots of questions in between, were drawn.lines to step out of the single market, completely out of the customs union, will be a significant change to the u.k. trading pattern. to a: we saw sterling rise huge rally for the british currency. what does it mean for the british economy, or is it too soon to tell? heather: it is too soon to tell. this is where experts have to have humility. the predictions of catastrophe have not happened. there are benefits for the depreciation of pounds sterling, challenges to inflation. we have to seek the silver lightning in this very cloudy iod.uncertain per
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the u.k. can take its economy and try to force the 21st century economy. if it does so in opposition with europe, if there is a contested trading space between the eu and , both sides lose. the and nine in states has a vested interest in seeing a strong u.k. and eu economically coming through the divorce process. katty: it seems theresa may's hand has been strengthened by word from donald trump, particularly the offer of a trading relationship with britain when it leaves the european union. is britain shifting focus from europe to america? .eather: in part, yes this is where donald trump has been consistent, even during the campaign. signaling that brexit is a good thing, and this would create benefits. he was interviewed in "the times of london" saying more european countries will leave.
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wet is a stretch to far, need a strong, united europe. you're seeing comments from senior advisers close to the president-elect saying we want to move quickly creating a u.s.-u.k. free trade arrangement . we cannot do that until the formal departure occurs in april of 2019, we assume. we think a lot of talks will happen. one area, u.s. trade policy, will explore the parameters of a u.s.-u.k. free trade agreement. i think that will come through. katty: thank you, very much. president obama commuted the sentence of chelsea manning, who was found guilty of providing u.s. intelligence documents to wiki links and sentenced to 35 years in prison. it is a high-profile and controversial move.
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reporter: chelsea manning is responsible for one of the largest leaks of government secrets in american history. while serving in iraq as a low ranking private he hacked government databases handing 700,000 classified documents to julian assange's wiki links organization. he included this classified video showing u.s. forces machine gun in iraqi civilians. >>, on. [gunfire] reporter: also diplomatic cables from across the globe. more than half a million military records, a details american military tactics, and revealed the names of afghan informants. it was a huge embarrassment to u.s. diplomats by making public their private thoughts. >> it was a very unfortunate and that was taken
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that put at risk individuals and relationships. manning supporters say she was a whistleblower, not a traitor. todley manning was sentenced 35 years in prison. during the court martial manning's lawyer said their client struggled with gender identity disorder. shortly after the trial bradley announced she would be known as chelsea and live as a woman. she was held at a male prison and lobby the army for hormone therapy. to try to take her life 2 occasions. they the campaigns for chelsea manning's pardon began the day she was convicted. president obama made it his one of his final acts. it is a decision that will please as much as it will anger. gender issues, trader,
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wiki links, whistleblower, how controversial will this be? reporter: this comes as part of a series of commutations that president obama issued as he leaves office. standard practice or an outgoing president. this is the one that is perhaps the most high profile. during the trial, which i covered in 2013, people looked at chelsea manning, or bradley manning as she was then known, in 2 lights. you had the section of the public that thought she was a whistleblower sharing seekers that shouldn't be secret. you have the people who thought she was a traitor compromising national security. this commutation has been lobbied for a long time, from the moment chelsea manning was convicted. in november, chelsea wrote to the president saying she did not
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want a pardon, she wanted a commutation. saying that she took responsibility for what she has done. katty: we have had hints from the white house how they compared chelsea manning to edward snowden. that is crucial. earlier today the white house press secretary was asked questions ahead of the anticipated commutation of chelsea manning's sentence. clear that edward snowden declined clemency and the difference was that chelsea manning went through a court-martial, took responsibility for the leak, and served time. edward snowden left the country. katty: the outgoing american ambassador to the united nations accused russia of trying to destabilize the world order. in her last major speed as a member of the obama administration, she said the world must confront the forces
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of utilitarianism. that russia is tearing down the rules-based international order, which is strong. a lot of this has been happening on your watch. do you think the obama administration underestimated people? wewe have cooperated where can. when we saw deviance from the rules of the road and threats to our security, we held them accountable. whether it is sanctions in the case of ukraine, or interference in our elections, or calling them out on syria, making sure they feel the diplomatic isolation. sanctions, but nothing beyond. should you have tried something else? number ofuted on a steps. sanctions are no small thing. the russian economy has been in freefall since the ukrainian intervention, the attempted
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takeover of crimea. we have been shoring up our allies in eastern europe with military exercises, investments in training the ukrainian military so it can better defend itself. reporter: what about a show of force? >> avoiding world war iii was advisable. reporter: was that the only option? ofwhat do you mean by show force? these terms are thrown around. as one makes judgments, one has to take into account the aeschylus torry risks. we have taken into account a regime that has flouted the rules of the road. this is a complex -- the school risks.e escalation we have taken into account the regime that has flouted the rules of the road. you have to take russia's actions as a pattern.
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the are not benefiting from world order, they are trying to take it down, we have to contest that. reporter: today mr. putin accused the obama administration of trying to undermine donald trump with fake allegations. he said who ever ordered those fake allegations is worse. you think this is the new norm, brash intervention in u.s. politics? >> i hope not. when they do things on the battlefield they lie and hope the news cycle changes. now they are investing in fake news. often, citizens are not sure how to distinguish between what is fake and what is real. we should not stoop to their level, but we need to better resource the cause of getting information, not misinformation, to people that need it. reporter: do you think mr. trump 's uncritical approach to russia could challenge the world order?
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>> until you have been in the situation room, it is premature to know what your moves will be. reporter: are you worried? >> i would be worried if we walked away from the international order. reporter: you have blasted .ussia for blasting civilians i wanted to ask you, personally, as an activist you argued having aor washington responsibility to protect civilians. do you feel personally compromised over the way this developed? the whole idea of a responsibility to protect is you open the toolbox and deploy as many tools as you think will make the situation better. type ofver some laptop general thinking that when civilians are harmed you send in the marines, all are
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nothing. reasonable people can argue there should have been a safe haven, this at this time -- had you cannot say is that that been in place that would somehow have made syria, with thousands of armed groups on the ground, including terrorist groups and average militias as yoshi and with the regime, more of the type of stable place we wish it to be. reporter: thank you, ambassador. katty: you are watching bbc "world news america." still to come, the search for mh-370 has come to an end with no sign of the airplane that disappeared three years ago. enthusiasts have mosques to use camera technology to determine when first light appears in the sky. the time of the first light, before sunrise, is important to
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muslims the kos when it determines when they can start their first prayer of the day. whencause it determines they can start their first prayer of the day. reporter: the first light of dawn, before sunrise, a signal for muslims to begin their first prayer. there are many views on how to calculate when this happens. mosques mark the first prayer at different times. >> fixing the time of the prayer based on the books. many have written a different ways that many people have adopted the different faith. reporter: could this be a solution? a camera that takes thousands of pictures throughout the year. when the data is ready -- >> we invited all mosques within observe the images in the slideshow and voted on the time when they first perceive the first bit of horizontal light taste on the
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photographs. the work done has inspired others to try the same experiment. believe it or not, it is this tiny camera that will point to the sky and take images for the next 365 days. when the data is in they will present the data to mosques across the city for consensus on timing. it is not only restricted to london. >> perhaps the data from birmingham, london, and one other place, and we can make a model. reporter: a model making it easier for muslims to tell the time of prayer, not only in the u.k., but across the world. bbc news. katty: afternoon only three years, the hunt for malaysia airlines flight 370 has come to an end.
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it is a decision met with disappointment and anger from the relatives of many onboard. aircraft disappeared in march of 2014 with passengers and crew traveling from kuala lumpur to beijing. reporter: a search for anything some of the world's most hostile has revealedeas volcanoes and shipwrecks, but not flight mh-370. search teams are headed home from the southern indian ocean after one of the most expensive and exhaustive missions of its kind. the hunt for the airplane that disappeared almost three years ago will only resume if there is a significant breakthrough. >> i would like to confirm that the vessel will you the search area by today. that means they have completed the search area, and we need to
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suspend the search until further credible evidence. investigators believe the boeing 777 crashed into the southern indian ocean during what was supposed to have been a routine flight from kuala lumpur to beijing. relatives of some onboard the debris from the airplane, found as far away as madagascar, and the analysis of ocean currents has shown the australian-led mission should be further north from the original search area and not abandoned. many families of the missing feel cheated. >> i feel very disappointed, hopeless. this is not the best of the country's efforts. situation that has a shortage of funds. thanter: there were more
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one dozen nationalities on board the missing jet. most were chinese. there were others from malaysia, indonesia, australia, france, the united states, and russia. we may never know their fate or what happened on board the plane that finished. bbc news, -- that vanished. bbc news, sydney. katty: donald trump calls to keep manufacturing in the u.s., it has not gone unnoticed by american car makers. general motors became the latest to announce an investment, $1 billion affecting 1500 jobs. general motors left one town in ohio. the factory left behind is alive thanks to chinese investment. laura trevelyan went to take a look. trump'shis is donald american now.
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not surprisingly, the factory is run by a -- surprisingly, the road is run bye a company with its headquarters in china. fuyao makes windshields. factory floor, donald trump's anti-globalization rhetoric meets reality. this chinese-managed company is determined to become the largest manufacturer of car wind shields in the world. >> to be able to achieve that goal, you have to combine the resources, manpower. i believe we have to have two feet, one in china and one in n -- managers aremany chinese, more than 2000 jobs have been created locally.
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work for general motors and is grappling with the cultural differences. >> we had to find common ground on what our goals are. goals and standards. there are different things you don't necessarily see here that you would in an established american company. laura: he saw the community suffer when the gm plant closed. it doesn't matter that fuyao is paying less. it ises will go up when more profitable. those profits will be shared with our associates. thea: experts say this is future. chinese expansion into the u.s. markets. >> this country has been increasing exports to the united states. they are trying to move from just being assembly plants to being involved in the distribution system, getting close to customers. the question is, can they
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penetrate deeper into the american market? laura: donald trump threatened to impose tariffs. he is not worried. not care about politics and we care about families, local people, the u.s. and china. we try to follow the american dream. laura: american dream has taken a hit. there is nostalgia to the gm days when business was brisk. arounduld have people the bar, two to three waitresses working. now, just one works during the day. it is very slow. , thingshanks to fuyao are picking up. >> my son is building their building the catwalks. >> a lot of my friends work there. they are doing good. laura: trump supporters in this bar and across the nation hope the president will bring business to their community. they may be surprised china is
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creating manufacturing jobs, but a paycheck is better than none. laura trevelyan, bbc news, ohio. katty: i am katty kay, thank you for watching. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> i think about syria when i go to bed at night. >> woodruff: i sit down with outgoing u.n. ambassador samantha power to talk the crisis in syria, the threat of russia, and more. then, how cities are helping chronically sick patients cut back on expensive emergency room visits, by getting to the root of america's health issues. >> i think we're in a 20-year arc of re-calibrating and rethinking, what is health and what is healthcare? >> woodruff: and, "the obama years" series continues with a look at race in america under the nation's first black president. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.

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